Ghana has most of the Castles and Forts built by the Europeans and Cape Coast or Central regions has the majority of these monuments.One of these monuments that we are going to dissect today is the ‘Fort Victoria or ‘Phipps Tower’.Cape Coast or Central region is one of the few towns in Ghana which the Europeans stayed for long,they really found solace in this part of Ghana than to go deep to the forest zone.There are so many factors to this and the most important factor is the landscape,this part of Ghana has a natural harbors,hills and promontories which is suitable for building forts to protect themselves from the indigenous and opposing enemies(other Europeans).
The Europeans who arrived in the Gold Coast or Ghana were captivated by the amount of wealth the indigenous people posses as well as natural resources,all this instances motivated them to make here their home,they build numerous castles,forts and other administrative buildings across Ghana.
One should always remember that these forts and castles were not built for our sake but for the sake and benefit of our Colonial masters or the Europeans,Castles and forts were specifically built as a military fortress and also to protect them(Europeans) and their garrison against bombardments and enemy rivals.It also serve as a lighthouse for ships as well as a garrison.
All the Europeans countries that flooded here centuries ago left some artifact or a monuments,now,most of this monuments are used as a tourist attractions and it attracts thousands of people annually,one of these popular monuments is the Forts.certainly,most of the coastal town in Ghana has a forts,Cape Coast has majority of this forts,the companion of Fort Victoria is Fort Williams which can also be seen when standing on Fort Victoria.
Fort Victoria or Phipps Tower was built in 1712,it was initially named after the governor(Phipps) who constructed it but it was later rebuilt and renamed Forts Victoria in honor of Queen Victoria of the great Britain in 1821.It was built to serve as a communication center or a repellent center,it was a busy,vital and no trespass place or area during the colonial era,now it serve as a monument and part of the UNESCO heritage sites.
It is situated on a promontory on the western part of Cape Coast and also face the Atlantic ocean and the Cape Coast Castle,it can also be seen when standing at the Cape Coast Castle.